Brunei Darussalam try an effective multiethnic society in which one ethnic group, brand new Barunay, possess a monopoly out of political stamina

Brunei Darussalam try an effective multiethnic society in which one ethnic group, brand new Barunay, possess a monopoly out of political stamina


Character. Variations in lifestyle certainly one of most other cultural organizations are not local but social, personal, and you may linguistic. Indigenous Muslims are usually also known as Brunei Malays even when they’re not native sound system of one’s Malay words.

Speculations towards etymology include derivations regarding the Malay ( baru nah (“there!”), a great Sanskrit function, plus the Kelabit identity into the Limbang River.

Place and you may Topography. The first household out of Brunei people is the town inside the funding, Bandar Seri Begawan. Settlements of Barunay and Kadayan are also located along side coasts out of north Sarawak and you can southwestern Sabah for the Malaysia; Tutong and you can Belait agreements can be found solely when you look at the Brunei. Bisaya, Iban, and you may Penan someone including live in Sarawak and you will Dusun and you will Murut members of both Sarawak and you may Sabah.

Brunei Darussalam is actually 2,226 rectangular kilometers (5,763 rectangular miles), having a seashore of approximately 100 kilometers (161 kilometers) on the Southern Asia Sea-coast regarding northwestern Borneo and you can together the newest west beaches of the southernmost portion of Brunei Bay. Brunei is wholly surrounded by the fresh Malaysian county regarding Sarawak. New weather is equatorial with high temperatures, higher dampness, and you can heavy rain, even though there is not any distinctive line of wet-season. The world is actually put into about three contiguous administrative areas-Brunei-Muara, Tutong, and you can Belait-with a fourth, Temburong, es of one’s areas derive from its main canals.

Approximately 75 % of the nation is forested, even though the exportation out of whole logs could have been banned. The world is included with many mangrove, heath, peat swamp, combined dipterocarp, and you will montane woods. There are many streams, whose broad valleys include most of the state’s agreements. This new south portion of Temburong try mountainous and you can sparsely inhabited.

Demography. Brand new 1998 populace imagine is 323,600. Malays make-up regarding the 67 % of the complete; Chinese, fifteen per cent; other native individuals (Iban, Dayak, and Kelabit, all mainly out-of Sarawak), six per cent, while others, a dozen per cent. About late mid-eighties, twenty four,five hundred immigrants did mostly about oils business. The population has grown over several-bend since the first 10 years of your twentieth century. The brand new distribution from populace is actually Brunei-Muara, 66 per cent; Belait, 20 percent; Tutong, 11 %; and you may Temburong, step 3 per cent.

Linguistic Association. Malay is the certified code, however, English is commonly used in the business. The new Brunei dialect out of Malay has some unique lexical situations and you may exclusive syntax. Malay is within the Western Malayo-Polynesian subgroup of Austronesian code household members, which also has the other languages spoken within the Brunei. Various Chinese dialects, English, and you may Philippine and you can mainland southern area Western dialects try verbal because of the invitees professionals. People is multilingual.

Symbolization. The brand new federal banner are a purple world of two trapeziums having a light diagonal parallelogram stripe above a black diagonal parallelogram stripe, symbolizing the brand new organizations of one’s basic vizier (a good Muslim official), brand new Pengiran Bendahara, while the third vizier, the fresh Pengiran Pamancha. They certainly were really the only vizier offices filled within the 1906, if earliest United kingdom resident used occupancy. The banner are emblazoned in the cardiovascular system because of the county crest within the

Record and Ethnic Interactions

Development of the nation. New sources of the nation are merely dimly understood. Regional way of life discuss about it a couple of old regional Bornean community heroes, and additionally Hawang Halak Batatar, who used Islam and you will became the first Muslim sultan away from Brunei, Sultan Muhammad (reigned 1405–1415), and his sis, Patih Barbai, who became next sultan, Sultan Ahmad (reigned 1415–1425). These types of heroes local hookup Memphis TN provided increase into the Barunay nobles. Of numerous Barunay aristocrats shade their roots towards Pagar Uyung urban area of one’s Minangakabau highlands out-of Sumatra. The third sultan, Sharif Ali (reigned 1425–1433), which e out-of Arabia and you will was a beneficial descendant of your own Prophet Muhammad, given that had been the adopting the sultans.

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